[FoRK] Air cars? Please?

Zee Roe <zero at rawbw.com> on Wed Mar 26 11:13:06 PDT 2008

What Will Life Be Like in the Year 2008? (Nov, 1968)


	40 Years in the Future

	By James R. Berry

	IT'S 8 a.m., Tuesday, Nov. 18, 2008, and you are headed for a
business appointment 300 mi. away. You slide into your sleek,
two-passenger air-cushion car, press a sequence of buttons and the
national traffic computer notes your destination, figures out the
current traffic situation and signals your car to slide out of the
garage. Hands free, you sit back and begin to read the morning
paper-which is flashed on a flat TV screen over the car's dashboard.
Tapping a button changes the page.

	The car accelerates to 150 mph in the city's suburbs, then hits
250 mph in less built-up areas, gliding over the smooth plastic road.
You whizz past a string of cities, many of them covered by the new domes
that keep them evenly climatized year round. Traffic is heavy,
typically, but there's no need to worry. The traffic computer, which
feeds and receives signals to and from all cars in transit between
cities, keeps vehicles at least 50 yds. apart. There hasn't been an
accident since the system was inaugurated. Suddenly your TV phone
buzzes. A business associate wants a sketch of a new kind of impeller
your firm is putting out for sports boats. You reach for your attache
case and draw the diagram with a pencil-thin infrared flashlight on what
looks like a TV screen lining the back of the case. The diagram is
relayed to a similar screen in your associate's office, 200 mi. away. He
jabs a button and a fixed copy of the sketch rolls out of the device. He
wishes you good luck at the coming meeting and signs off.

	Ninety minutes after leaving your home, you slide beneath the
dome of your destination city. Your car decelerates and heads for an
outer-core office building where you'll meet your colleagues. After you
get out, the vehicle parks itself in a convenient municipal garage to
await your return. Private cars are banned inside most city cores.
Moving sidewalks and electrams carry the public from one location to

	With the U.S. population having soared to 350 million, 2008
transportation is among the most important factors keeping the economy
running smoothly. Giant transportation hubs called modemixers are
located anywhere from 15 to 50 mi. outside all major urban centers. Tube
trains, pushed through bores by compressed air, make the trip between
modemixer and central city in 10 to 15 minutes.

	A major feature of most modemixers is the launching pad from
which 200-passenger rockets blast off for other continents. For less
well-heeled travelers there are SST and hypersonic planes that carry 200
to 300 passengers at speeds up to 4,000 mph. Short trips- between cities
less than 1,000 mi. apart-are handled by slower jumbo jets.

	Homes in Mi's 80th year are practically self-maintaining.
Electrostatic precipitators clean the air and climatizers maintain the
temperature and humidity at optimum levels. Robots are available to do
housework and other simple chores. New materials for siding and
interiors are self-cleaning and never peel, chip or crack.

	Dwellings for the most part are assembled from prefabricated
modules, which can be attached speedily in the configuration that best
suits the homeowner. Once the foundation is laid, attaching the modules
to make up a two- or three-bedroom house is a job that doesn't take more
than a day. Such modular homes easily can be expanded to accommodate a
growing family. A typical wedding present for the 21st century newlyweds
is a fully equipped bedroom, kitchen or living room module.

	Other conveniences ease kitchenwork. The housewife simply
determines in advance her menus for the week, then slips prepackaged
meals into the freezer and lets the automatic food utility do the rest.
At preset times, each meal slides into the microwave oven and is cooked
or thawed. The meal then is served on disposable plastic plates. These
plates, as well as knives, forks and spoons of the same material, are so
inexpensive they can be discarded after use.

	The single most important item in 2008 households is the
computer. These electronic brains govern everything from meal
preparation and waking up the household to assembling shopping lists and
keeping track of the bank balance. Sensors in kitchen appliances,
climatizing units, communicators, power supply and other household
utilities warn the computer when the item is likely to fail. A repairman
will show up even before any obvious breakdown occurs.

	Computers also handle travel reservations, relay telephone
messages, keep track of birthdays and anniversaries, compute taxes and
even figure the monthly bills for electricity, water, telephone and
other utilities. Not every family has its private computer. Many
families reserve time on a city or regional computer to serve their
needs. The machine tallies up its own services and submits a bill, just
as it does with other utilities.

	Money has all but disappeared. Employers deposit salary checks
directly into their employees' accounts. Credit cards are used for
paying all bills. Each time you buy something, the card's number is fed
into the store's computer station. A master computer then deducts the
charge from your bank balance.

	Computers not only keep track of money, they make spending it
easier. TV-telephone shopping is common. To shop, you simply press the
numbered code of a giant shopping center. You press another combination
to zero in on the department and the merchandise in which you are
interested. When you see what you want, you press a number that
signifies "buy," and the household computer takes over, places the
order, notifies the store of the home address and subtracts the purchase
price from your bank balance. Much of the family shopping is done this
way. Instead of being jostled by crowds, shoppers electronically browse
through the merchandise of any number of stores.

	People have more time for leisure activities in the year 2008.
The average work day is about four hours. But the extra time isn't
totally free. The pace of technological advance is such that a certain
amount of a jobholder's spare time is used in keeping up with the new
developments-on the average, about two hours of home study a day.

	Most of this study is in the form of programmed TV courses,
which can be rented or borrowed from tape _ * libraries. In fact most
schooling-from first grade through college-consists of programmed TV
courses or lectures via closed circuit. Students visit a campus once or
twice a week for personal consultations or for lab work that has to be
done on site. Progress of each student is followed by computer, which
assigns end term marks on the basis of tests given throughout the term.

	Besides school lessons, other educational material is available
for TV viewing. You simply press a combination of buttons and the pages
flash on your home screen. The world's information is available to you
almost instantaneously.

	TV screens cover an entire wall in most homes and show most
subjects other than straight text matter in color and three dimensions.
In addition to programmed TV and the multiplicity of commercial fare,
you can see top Broadway shows, hit movies and current nightclub acts
for a nominal charge. Best-selling books are on TV tape and can be
borrowed or rented from tape libraries.

	A typical vacation in 2008 is to spend a week at an undersea
resort, where your hotel room window looks out on a tropical underwater
reef, a sunken ship or an ancient, excavated city. Available to guests
are two- and three-person submarines in which you can cruise well-marked
underwater trails.

	Another vacation is a stay < on a hotel satellite. The rocket
ride to the satellite and back, plus the vistas of earth and moon, make
a memorable vacation jaunt.

	While city life in 2008 has changed greatly, the farm has
altered even more. Farmers are business executives running operations as
automated as factories. TV scanners monitor tractors and other equipment
computer programmed to plow, harrow and harvest. Wires imbedded in the
ground send control signals to the machines. Computers also keep track
of yields-, fertilization, soil composition and other factors
influencing crops. At the beginning of each year, a print-out tells the
farmer what to plant where, how much to fertilize and how much yield he
can expect.

	Farming isn't confined to land. Mariculturists have turned areas
of the sea into beds of protein-rich seaweed and algae. This raw
material is processed into food that looks and tastes like steak and
other meats. It also is cheap; families can have steak-like meals twice
a day without feeling a budget pinch. Areas in bays or close to shore
have been turned into shrimp, lobster, clam and other shellfish ranches,
like the cattle spreads of yesteryear.

	Medical research has guaranteed that most babies born in the
21st century will live long and healthy lives. Heart disease has
virtually been eliminated by drugs and diet. If hearts or other major
organs do give trouble, they can be replaced with artificial organs.

	Medical examinations are a matter of sitting in a diagnostic
chair for a minute or two, then receiving a full health report.
Ultrasensitive microphones and electronic sensors in the chair's
headrest, back and armrests pick up heartbeat, pulse, breathing rate,
galvanic skin response, blood pressure, nerve reflexes and other medical
signs. A computer attached to the chair digests these responses,
compares them to the normal standard and prints out a full medical

	No need to worry about failing memory or intelligence either.
The intelligence pill is another 21st century commodity. Slow learners
or people struck with forgetful-ness are given pills which increase the
production of enzymes controlling production of the chemicals known to
control learning and memory. Everyone is able to use his full mental

	Despite the fact that the year 2008 is only 40 years away-as far
ahead as 1928 is in the past-it will be a world as strange to us as our
time (1968) would be to the pilgrims. *

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