[FoRK] The Not-So-Fine Line Between Privacy and Secrecy
sdw at lig.net
Sat Jun 16 20:10:53 PDT 2012
May 30 2012
The Not-So-Fine Line Between Privacy and Secrecy
By Valkyrie Ice
As weird as people familiar with my work and the subjects I write about might find this, I only recently acquired a copy of The
Transparent Society by David Brin. I have been told many times that most of my views about transparency have been discussed by
David, and indeed, I’m laughing my tail off at the sheer number of phrases and examples we share in common, and I’m not even all
the way through chapter one yet.
Now, David and I correspond on occasion, ever since I was one of the very few people who responded to a challenge he wrote to
find a “Global Warming Skeptic” who is not merely blindly following the conservative playbook. While we agree to disagree on
AGW, and probably many other topics as well, when it comes to transparency and it’s inevitability, we are in pretty close
agreement, and one of David’s examples in the opening chapter struck me as a very good starting point to explain the difference
between privacy and secrecy, and how it is possible to have privacy even in a society in which there are no secrets.
It’s even one I’ve used before myself – a restaurant. So imagine you are sitting at a restaurant filled with numerous tables,
with groups sitting at each one. Would you brazenly listen in on the conversation of the table next to you? Would you try to
look up that pretty girls skirt sitting two tables over? Would you reach over and simply take the bread basket from the table
behind you? How about moving over to another groups table uninvited?
In the overwhelming majority of cases, the answer is no. Why? It’s a little convention called social invisibility. Even though
you can do any and all of these things, you make a conscious choice not to, because if you don’t, the negative consequences to
yourself outweigh the potential gains. You are in plain view of everyone else, so if you fail to give them the same courtesy
they are giving you by not doing any of those things to you, the entire restaurant full of people could see you, and take any
number of actions to show you how displeased they are at you. This could range from embarrassment to eviction from the
restaurant depending on your offense. In other words, you are completely accountable for your actions, and as such, make a
decision to give everyone else privacy in exchange for them giving it to you. So long as you are not putting yourself on display
in a manner that intrudes on their privacy, you have the same freedom to talk about anything you wish with your group, and
behave in whatever manner you choose that is not disruptive, and they will pretend you don’t exist and that they cannot hear a
word you say.
This little scene plays out millions of times daily all around the world, and it is a simple, almost automatic reaction
regardless of culture. We grant those around us privacy in order to receive the same courtesy of privacy back. That privacy
comes not because we are hidden but because it is an active process of society. I couldn’t tell you what the table next to me
was doing, despite it being in full view, because I actively wasn’t paying attention due to the fact that I didn’t wish to
suffer penalties from society for violating social invisibility.
Now, David takes this scenario a step further. Take the same restaurant, but put up silk walls between each table, so that
no-one can tell if there is anyone sitting next to them. You don’t know if what you say is being listened to by someone unknown.
You don’t know if the person at the table next to you is eating a hamburger, or their fellow diner. Perhaps the person has a
pinhole thorough the wall and is staring at you. Maybe they have a microphone and are recording anything you say. You have no
idea what, if anything, is going on behind that silk wall. You have real invisibility to anyone, but note the difference. You
are hidden away from everyone! You can dance naked on your table, cut your table mates throat, and do anything! There is no
accountability to your society, no penalties for any action, utter freedom to do anything you want, right? All those things you
wouldn’t do in the previous scenario, you would be far more likely to do in this one, because you could escape being held
Secrecy is a threat to society precisely because it allows people to escape accountability. It protects dictators from masses of
angry protestors, because it keep those protestors from knowing exactly how harmful the dictators’ actions have been. It’s the
enabling force behind nearly every single form of authoritarian leadership ever conceived. It shielded Mubarak and Gaddafi for
decades, and still protects numerous other “unpopular leaders” in both nations and corporate offices. Once that secrecy is
pierced, and what was hidden is revealed, society enforces an accounting.
And that is the point that both David and I try to make constantly. Transparency forces accountability. Secrecy enables an
escape from accountability. It really cannot be made any plainer than that.
We are going to become a Transparent Society despite David’s fears that the “elites” will find a method to retain secrets while
forcing complete transparency on the rest of society, because the simple truth is that unified effort by all the various
competing “power groups” at the level it would actually be required to prevent any group from forcing transparency on another
group is so unlikely I would bet on air spontaneously turning into gold first. While I have every confidence that efforts to
preserve secrecy on the part of the PTB will be attempted, the Surveillance Arms Race is going to render those efforts pointless
in the not very long run. There is no encryption that cannot be cracked; no technological fix that can prevent universal
surveillance from becoming a reality; and far too many uses for such ubiquitous monitoring of everywhere that we will find too
liberating and convenient to use to make me believe that any of the efforts of “privacy advocates” who can’t tell the difference
between “Privacy” and “Secrecy” will have any real effect. Sooner or later, everyone will be as visible to us as those diners at
the next table.
And just like that restaurant, we will be every bit as visible to them. And we will ignore that fact, as they ignore us, and we
in turn ignore them, and everyone will have all the privacy that they are willing to give. Yes, the “elites” are going to try
and keep their secrets, and even succeed for a brief time, but in the end, even they will lose that ability because they will
whittle it away in their paranoid need to peek at each other’s secrets for non-mutual advantage and because it is impossible to
prevent all progress. And that is where David and I disagree. He fears that it will be possible to create a perfect “one way
mirror” while I can see no manner in which it could be achieved.
And that is how, despite all the constant accusations from paranoid conspiracy theorists that I endorse totalitarian government
by supporting the rapid proliferation of numerous surveillance systems, I can view transparency as a wholly positive force for
improving the lives of billions, and one of the most basic enablers of a truly free society. Accountability is the key, and it
can only exist where secrecy does not.
That isn’t to say very bad scenarios in which enormous numbers of people die at the hands of a totalitarian regime supported by
one way surveillance systems cannot occur, simply that such scenarios are inherently self limiting and unstable, and will almost
certainly proceed to a revolution and the creation of a society in which complete accountability and complete transparency
eliminates secrecy and permanently ends any possibility of further authoritarian governance. While such scenarios are extremely
undesirable, and should be avoided if at all possible, they are not dead ends, merely hazardous and costly detours.
Because if you truly want privacy, and a free and permissive society, where you can do anything you want so long as it causes no
harm to another, nonconsenting, individual, then understanding the difference between privacy and secrecy is essential. It’s
what will ensure we avoid the paranoid “Big Brother” detours and chart a much more pleasant course into the future.
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